Braces are used to correct crowding of teeth or to close gaps between teeth. Different types of braces are used like metal, plastic ceramic(tooth colored) brace.
Ceramic Braces (Tooth Colored)
Ceramic braces are less noticeable than metal braces. Moreover, ceramic braces can move teeth much faster than INVISALIGN.
Lingual braces are those where brackets and wires are placed only back of teeth. The only advantage of this is it is invisible from outside.
In this, series of clear plastic aligners are used. Nowadays, mostly patients choice is invisalign because they are removable and patient can comfortably eat, drink, brush or do whatever they want.
They are used in teens, adults but not in children. The time period of orthodontic treatment is based on condition of patient teeth. Usually, 18 to 24 months are required for correction of misaligned teeth. The most important thing in orthodontic treatment is patience and patient cooperation because patient needs to come after every 4 to 8 months for adjustment.
Examples of removable appliances include:
Aligners: This alternative to braces may be useful for adults. They are virtually unnoticeable by other people, and they can be removed to brush the teeth, floss, or eat. An aligner is used for 2 to 3 weeks, and then changed for a tigher one.
Headgear: A strap around the back of the head is attached to a metal wire in the front, or face bow. The aim is to slow down upper jaw growth, and keeping the back teeth in position while the front ones are pulled back.
Lip and cheek bumpers: These are specially made to relieve the pressure of cheeks or lips on the teeth.
Palatal expander: This appliance is designed to make the arch of the upper jaw wider. It consists of a plastic plate with screws that is placed on the palate, or roof of the mouth. The screws put pressure on the joints in the bones, forcing them outward. This expands the size of the area in the roof of mouth.
Retainers: These are used after treatment to stop the teeth from moving back to their original positions. If modified, they may also be used to stop children from sucking their thumbs.
Treatment usually starts around the age of around 12 or 13 years, when the adult teeth have come through and developed fully.
Who needs an orthodontic treatment?
If the jaws and teeth do not develop properly, malocclusion can result. The teeth will be crooked and misaligned, and the bottom and top sets of teeth may not line up.
Malocclusion is not a disease and it does not affect physical health. It is a variation in the position of teeth. However, it may impact the shape of the face and the appearance of the teeth, resulting in embarrassment, a lack of self-confidence, and even depression.
Reasons include injury to the teeth or facial bones and frequent thumb or finger sucking, among others.
Severe malocclusion may affect eating, speech, and keeping the teeth clean.
Orthodontic treatment can help treat or improve the following:
Protruding front teeth: Treatment can improve the appearance and protects the teeth from damage during sports injuries or falls.
Crowding: In a narrow jaw, there may not be enough space for all the teeth. The orthodontist may remove one or more teeth to make room for the others.
Impacted teeth: This can happen when adult tooth does not emerge from the gum or bone, or only emerges partially.
Asymmetrical teeth: The upper and lower teeth do not match, especially when the mouth is closed but the teeth are showing.
Deep bite, or overbite: When the teeth are clenched, the upper ones come down too far over the lower ones.
Reverse bite: When the teeth are clenched, the upper teeth bite inside the lower ones.
Open bite: When the teeth are clenched, there is an opening between the upper and lower teeth.
Underbite: The upper teeth are too far back, or the lower teeth are too far forward.
Crossbite: At least one of the upper teeth does not come down slightly in front of the lower teeth when the teeth are clenched. They are too near the cheek or the tongue.
Spacing: There are gaps or spaces between the teeth, either because a tooth is missing, or the teeth do not fill-up the mouth. This is the opposite of crowding.
An orthodontist can also help solve problems such as the grinding or clenching of teeth and clicking or moving of the jaw.
Thumb or finger sucking can causes the teeth and supporting bone to become misshappen. To see a natural improvement, the thumb-sucking habit must first be.
At last, retention is applied to retain newly shifted teeth in place. This result in perfect alignment of teeth and graceful smile to a patient.